Standardization Policy in Israel
 
 
     
 

 Standardization Policy in Israel

 
 
The Standardization Administration in the Ministry of Economy and Industry is charged with implementing Israel's national standardization policy: setting standardization priorities, initiating and overseeing changes in existing standards, proclaiming a standard as a Mandatory Standard or revoking official standard status, inter-ministerial coordination regarding standardization and adoption of international standardization.
 

Importance of standardization

  • ​Increasing product quality
  • Ensuring product safety
  • Increasing competitiveness of Israel's industry in international and domestic markets
  • Removal of international trade barriers
  • Facilitation of mutual recognition between Israel and its partners in assessing conformity of products to requirements of standards


 

Standardization as the basis for economic growth

  • Access to markets: Facilitation of trade by elimination of technical barriers to international trade (TBT), opening new markets and expansion of existing markets;
  • Product safety: Limiting consumer risk alongside financial risk for entrepreneurs by introduction of standardization and regulation;
  • Risk management: As a means of risk assessment - a focused approach aimed at reduction of the effect of risks at a reasonable price;
  • Cost reduction: Optimization of product planning over product life – planning, production, marketing, recycling;
  • Innovation: Operational compatibility and the ability to measure and compare performance, facilitate product introduction and market penetration;
  • Environmental protection: reduction of negative effects on the environment and improvement of sustainability by advance planning of recycling;
  • Energy efficiency: the ability to measure energy efficiency enables informed use and allocates priority to energy-saving products and processes;
  • Managing quality: improving quality, credibility and consumer satisfaction;
  • Supplier-customer relations: establishing a clear and measurable basis for creation of a commitment between seller and buyer;
  • Social responsibility: ethics in management, corporate responsibility and norms of behavior.


 

Implementing national standardization policy

Adoption of international standardization
An amendment to the Standards Law was passed by the Knesset (Israel's parliament) at the end of 1999, according to which, in setting a standard, the Standards Institution of Israel (SII) should adopt, as a rule, international standardization that is accepted in developed countries. As stated, in setting a standard, the nature of trade between Israel and other countries should be taken into consideration. When there are a number of different standards in the developed countries, the SII may set alternative standards, provided each one so set will be based in full on an existing standard.
Under special circumstances, when it is necessary to do so due to conditions unique to the State of Israel, the SII is authorized to change certain conditions found in international standardization, while specifying the reasons therefore in the explanations attached to the standard. 
 
Reducing the cost of living
Easing import restrictions: adoption of international standards and recognition of laboratories abroad, while concurrently cancelling import duties and double fees.
Narrowing the variety of products for which SII approval is required and by doing so significantly reducing local manufacturers' costs for which importation of their raw materials will be easier.
Increasing supervision processes over products in the markets.
Cooperation with the SII to examine the easing of requirements for local manufacturers, the improvement of service, reduction of prices and “interfering as little as possible” with business activities.
 

The role of the regulator with respect to standardization

The government is the focal point for ensuring product safety through involvement in setting standardization, examination of product conformity and enforcement at the marketing stage.
 

Legislation

The Commissioner of Standardization acts pursuant to the Standards Law, 5713 - 1953. The law is the responsibility of the Minister of Economy and Industry. This Ministry is the coordinator between other government ministries. In proclaiming a Mandatory Standard the Ministry coordinates between government ministries in all matters relating to technical legislation that involves standards. The principal ministries are: health, interior, environmental protection, energy and water resources, communication, construction and housing.
 

Main elements of the Standards Law, 5713 - 1953

  • Standards are prepared solely by the Standards Institution of Israel (SII)
  • The Minister of Economy and Industry is authorized to proclaim a standard official on the grounds of public safety, health and environmental protection
  • Mandatory Standards are binding in manufacturing, importing and marketing
  • The Commissioner of Standardization is responsible for enforcing Mandatory Standards
  • The law, together with the Customs Ordinance (Import Prohibition Ordinance), specifies regulations (not taxes) pertinent to the import of goods to the State of Israel
  • Israel joins the WTO
  • Transitional provisions of standards

Before joining the WTO as a member country, Israel, similar to many other countries, viewed standardization as a means of protecting products made in Israel and preventing competitive imports. In 1995, upon joining the WTO, Israel changed its policy regarding trade in industrial products and opened its gates to products and services of the rest of the world.
In 1998 the Commissioner of Standardization published in the Official Gazette (Reshumot) a list in which the official status of 250 standards was revoked because they did not contribute to public safety or public health as required.

 

Authority of the entities defined in the Standards Law

  • Minister of Economy and Industry: appoints the Commissioner of Standardization and proclaims a standard as Official
  • Commissioner of Standardization: responsible for enforcing Mandatory Standards
  • Standards Institution of Israel (SII), a statutory corporation: exclusive authority to prepare standards in Israel, authorized to test goods for conformity to standards, and to operate the Standard Mark regime

 

 

The tenth amendment to the Standards Law

  1. Established an adoption committee to examine changes in international standards adopted as national standards in order to verify that there were no incompatibilities. The committee convenes following a request of the SII or the Minister of Economy and Industry.
  2. Expansion of the authority of the Commissioner regarding enforcement at the marketing stage enables him to:
    a. Instruct a business to return products, including their removal from shelves and destroying them.
    b. Authority to notify the public regarding the danger of a commodity that does not conform to Mandatory Standard requirements.
    c. Impose financial sanctions on businesses with respect to violation of the Standards Law.
  3. Expansion of the responsibility of businesses:
    a. Requires businesses to notify the Commissioner of Standardization immediately regarding non-conformity of a commodity to Mandatory Standard requirements or of harm or near harm caused by a commodity.
    b. Requires businesses to maintain a record of complaints received regarding danger caused or that could be caused by a commodity to which a Mandatory Standard applies.
  4. Approval of the SII price list by the Minister and its publication as a Directive in the Knesset Economic Affairs Committee. This pertains to services for which the SSI is the only entity providing such services by law.
  5. Conditioning implementation of the law on completion of the enforcement scheme within 6 months.
  6. In Amendment No. 10 to the Standards Law, the Import and Export Ordinance was also amended (indirect amendment).
  7. Approval of commodities for which the Commissioner of Standardization established provisions on the eve of the coming into effect date that it is required to present a certificate of conformity to a Mandatory Standard for release from customs, the SII will continue to issue certificates of conformity to a Mandatory Standard according to directives of the Commissioner (according to the division into 4 groups).
  8. Regarding commodities for which the Commissioner of Standardization did not determine on the eve of the coming into effect date that they require certification of conformity to a Mandatory Standard, the rule set in the Import and Export Ordinance will apply according to which the importer will be permitted to submit an affidavit regarding conformity of the product to the standard. The Minister is also authorized to set additional conditions in the Import and Export Ordinance (e.g., a requirement to present a “product portfolio”). The Minister will also be authorized to demand approval of a laboratory regarding conformity of the product to the standard – if the Commissioner of Standardization sees a need to protect public safety or health.
  9. Examination of importers’ affidavits will be conducted for 3 years by the statutory corporation whose aim is to ensure the product’s proper quality level. This will be performed pursuant to a certification document of the Minister of Finance and the Minister of Economy and Industry. The certification document may be extended for up to 6 years. It will enter into effect on May 1, 2014.
  10. To view Amendment No. 10 in the Book of Laws

 

 

Legislation regarding imports

The Free Import Ordinance together with the Customs Ordinance (Import Prohibition Ordinance) specify technical regulation in importing goods into the State of Israel. The authority to issue and amend ordinances is granted to the Minister of Economy and Industry.  


For further information regarding legality of imports



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